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Which electrodes can still be used for titration?

In addition to aqueous and non-aqueous pH titrations, there are many other titration applications where silver, platinum, double platinum and ion-selective electrodes are used, as well as a photometric sensor for all color change titrations.

What criteria do I now use to select the right electrode for my titration application?

The first and most important criterion is the type of titration application. As a rule, this results from the method description and the titrant used.

Example 1: If the titrant is silver nitrate, the application is a precipitation titration using a silver electrode with normal Ag/AgCl reference system AgCl 62 (see Fig. 1) or a silver electrode with a glass electrode as "reference electrode" AgCl 62 RG. RG means “Reference Glass”. In this case, there is no opening for refilling the electrolyte. See Fig. 2 AgCl 62:

Example 2: If the titrant is sodium thiosulfate, then it is a redox titration in which a platinum combination electrode such as the Pt 62 or Pt 61 is used. See Fig. 3 Pt 61:

As with the silver combination electrode, there are also low-maintenance platinum combination electrodes with a glass electrode as the reference system. These RG electrodes can then always be used if the pH value does not change during the titration.

Digital IDS versions of the silver and platinum combination electrodes are also available, such as the
Ag 62 IDS and Pt 62 RG ID

For applications with polarizable electrodes such as SO2 titration in wine, determination of the bromine number and Karl Fischer ("KF") titration, there are double platinum electrodes such as the Pt 1200 and the KF 1100. See Fig. 4 KF 1100:

An overview of the applications and the corresponding electrodes can be found in Table Applications.

Table applications - recommended electrodes



Type of electrode

   Order number

Precipitation titrations Titrations with silver nitrate - also back titrations with ammonium thiocyanate, sodium or potassium chloride etc. . General chloride, chloride/NaCl ("salt") in foodstuffs AgCl 62 285102413
AgCl 62 RG 285102100
Ag 62 IDS 285102150
Cyanide, bromide, iodide  Ag 6280 285102343
Ag 62 RG 285102090
Ag 62 IDS 285102150
Mercaptans and hydrogen sulfide, cyanide AgS 62 RG 285102110
Ag 1100 + A 1180 285103607 + 1057997
Titrations with lanthanum nitrate Fluoride F 1100 PLH + reference electrode 285216295
Titrations with Hyamine,  Anionic, cationic and non-ionic surfactants TEN 1100 + reference electrode 285096980
Cetylpyridinium chloride
Sodium dodecyl sulfate
Sodium tetraphenylborate
Redox titrations Titrations with iodine and sodium thiosulfate (iodometry), potassium permanganate, cerium(IV) sulfate, potassium dichromate, ferrous (II) sulfate Iodine value, peroxide value, chlorine, hypochlorite, potassium permanganate, etc. Pt 62  285102019
Oxidizability, H2O2, oxygen according to Winkler Pt 61 285102002
Nitrate Pt 62 RG 285102070
  Pt 62 RG IDS 285102140
  Titrations with ammonium iron(II) sulfate COD Pt 61 285102002
COD with sample changer Pt 5901 285105065
  Titrations with iodine and polarizable electrode (dead stop) SO2, Bromine number, etc. Pt 1200 285103512
  Volumetric KF-titration   KF 1100 285102030
  Coulometrische KF-Titration (Indicator electrode only) KF 1150 285102060

Except for the KF 1100 and KF 1150, all electrodes have a plug head. A suitable coaxial electrode cable such as the L 1 A or L 2 A (Fig. 5 Koaxialkabel L 1 A/L 2 A) is also required.

OptiLine 6, one sensor for all titrations on color change

For all titrations that are (have to be) performed on color change, you can use the OptiLine 6 digital photometric sensor (see Fig. 6 Optiline 6). The OptiLine 6 is connected via USB to the TL 7XXX titrators, whereby the wavelength used during the titration (= 6, 470 - 625 nm) is defined within the titration method. Due to the additional BNC and DIN connector, the OptiLine 6 can also be connected to older titrators, as well as to the TitroLine® 5000. The wavelength and other settings can then be preset via PC software.


Find answers in the comprehensive titration handbook

Download the titration guide of our expertsThis is an excerpt from the titration handbook. On 192 pages it offers a compact introduction to the theory and practice of titration. If you are interested, you are welcome to download the practical guide as a PDF or request it as a brochure. And in our database you will find numerous applications for your titration for download. A concrete application example of the determination of acid in bases is described in the blogarticle "how to get correct and reproducible results in titration?". Our titration expert answers further questions from our customers in the blog article FAQ on titration.

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